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What Resources are needed to apply proper Cyber-Security Assessment?

Cyber security is taken as a critical issue on the global agenda. Almost every country is building a platform to further fight the bad incomings from cyber attacks. Organizations should be following this agenda as they are the most vulnerable to these attacks.

Why consider investing on Cybersecurity?

There are numerous reasons why you should follow the world traced route and be updated with cybersecurity tools and techniques. Just a quick spark that can make you responsive, and take steps toward mindset change; “Every day there are approximately 230.000 new malware being issued on the internet?” Do a step and be prepared for this.

Assessment resources needed to implement Cybersecurity

Organizations should be focused on identifying the resources needed to perform proper assessment and implementation of the Cybersecurity guidelines. Despite the physical and technical facilities, organizations should also identify what other resources are more in line with the organization’s strategy.  Physical facilities that are relevant to the proper Cybersecurity implementation are rooms and offices that can be accessed only by the department and persons in charge for the security issues.

While checking and confirming the organization’s business targets, the persons responsible for implementing the cybersecurity guidelines should be competent and familiar with the organization’s strategy. Once they are clear on what they are going to implement, they should prepare and make the feasibility plan on how to proceed with implementation.

Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) has developed the cyber security assessment tool that helps to identify their risk and determine the Cybersecurity level of maturity. It is highly recommended to perform the best practices developed recently. This tool is compliant with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) which makes it suitable for the companies that have already applied the NIST Practices.

ISO/IEC 27032 Cybersecurity Guidelines

There are certain guidelines from the ISO standards related to the Cybersecurity implementation process. Organizations can perform a combination of the certain guidelines coming from the FFIEC, NIST and ISO 27032, in which most of them can align to each other.

After performing the Cybersecurity assessment on the organization the company should decide which framework they are going to implement. It is very important to perform an assessment that purely defines the current situation in the organization. The implementation of processes and controls should be on the same target that increases the security effectiveness of the organization.

The implementation of the ISO/IEC 27032 Guidelines and its integration on the ISMS, should be a priority and involve all interested parties in the management decision. Thus, the ISMS implementation members should be greatly involved in the assessment and implementation processes of ISO/IEC 27032 guidelines

ISO/IEC 27032 defines the resources needed to comply with the guidelines for the organization to show their conformance toward it. It is merely a management body who should help them understand the processes and procedures and how the management processes are aligned with the information and Internet Security. Also, it includes suggestions and instructions on how the organization can comply with the best practices developed by the Security Management worldwide.


Security risk assessment

A justifiable assessment for identification of security risk sources should be accomplished prior to implementation of the specific controls. Those controls help to measure or mitigate the security risk coming from that specific source.

There are certain services, products or activities that can be security risk sources. We will mention few of them identified by the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC):

  1. Technologies and Connection lines- those include the technology used by the organization and used to support its activities in the IT field. It includes the connection lines used to connect the internet and other internal or external resources.
  2. Delivery channels- it very important to know all the channels an organization is using to deliver its services or activities.
  3. Online and mobile services- it is important to know and determine which it uses to deliver services and ensure the level of importance it uses on the organization’s business performance.
  4. Organizational structure- it defines the persons involved in the Cybersecurity and their departments and position.
  5. External relation- it is critical to identify the external interested parties and their correlation with an organization.

Many services, products, and activities must have specified the risk level it can absorb without any effects to security processes on the organization. It needs to ensure that the assessment made prior to the implementation means to define the level of risk acceptance. Unfortunately, there is no way for each process to mitigate the risk entirely; therefore the risk acceptance method is needed to be conducted.


Based on the level of risk acceptance, there is a level of sophisticated technology that should be adapted from the organization.


After the proper performance of Cybersecurity assessment, there is a high probability for the correct implementation of Cybersecurity on the organization. It is highly recommended to stick to a plan on what is going to be assessed prior the Cybersecurity assessment. Tips and tools are acclaimed to be used in order to accomplish the whole assessment process. PECB is highly engaged on the Cybersecurity matters and allocates time and resources to aware its audience worldwide. Along with the training and certification that PECB provides, very useful webinars that almost tackles all the issues that are related to global Cyberattacks are available.

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